The most durable types of roofs are slate and clay shingles, but they are more expensive than materials such as metal or wood. Functional roof alternatives, such as green roofs and solar shingles, are among the most expensive types. Replacing an old roof is one of the best and most profitable ways to invest in a home. Asphalt roll roof is made of large rolls of the same material used in asphalt shingles.
Used for relatively flat plots, such as angled shed roofs, the roll roof is installed by placing strips along the roof in overlapping courses. Asphalt roller roofs can be expected to last 5 to 10 years at most. Getting maximum roof life is just a matter of keeping it clean of debris and quickly repairing any punctures or damage that occurs. Asphalt roll roofing is typically installed on roofs with a relatively flat peak, so a 2,000 square foot home will have an area very close to 2,000 square feet of roof.
Composite asphalt shingles are expected to last 15 to 40 years, depending on the quality of the materials chosen. Some tile roofs can even last up to 50 years. Most tile roof manufacturers offer a range of products in different weights and different life expectancy. Manufacturers such as Owens Corning, GAF or Certainteed come with high-end warranties that exceed half a century.
Wood tile roofs are made of thin wedge-shaped pieces of natural wood, such as cedar or yellow pine, that are cut from logs. They are an extremely attractive roof, but they are difficult to install and are not suitable for most DIYers. Keep in mind that increasing fire risks in some regions have led to legal restrictions on the use of wooden roofing materials. They are not a good option anywhere where there are seasonal wildfire hazards.
Wood tile roofs have an average of 25 to 30 years of longevity, although a longer lifespan is sometimes achieved in places where the roof experiences mild conditions and remains free of debris. Meticulously cared for, wooden tile roofs can last 50 years. To extend the life of a wooden tile roof, make sure to replace split and cracked shingles immediately, and keep the roof free of moss. Wood shingles are a thicker material than wood shingles, and can be expected to withstand weather and UV rays better than wood shingles.
Not suitable for most DIY enthusiasts as they require professional installation. Like wood shingles, shaking may be restricted in regions where wildfires are a known hazard. Both materials and installation are more expensive for smoothies than for wooden shingles. You can generally count on shakes to be about 50 percent more expensive than shingles.
Clay tile roofs routinely last 100 years or longer if properly maintained. The disadvantage of tile roofs is not decomposition, as occurs with wood shakes or tiles, nor the slow shedding of mineral grains, as is the case with composite shingles. Rather, cracks are what can doom tile roofs. This is a roof that can easily last 100 years or much longer.
There are still working slate roofs that literally date back hundreds of years. To achieve this kind of longevity, immediately replace any broken slate tile you see. Make sure all flashings are properly installed and in good working order. When the copper flicker has turned black, it's time to replace it.
However, that is the only cost at which. With the exception of maintenance and repairs, which can be significant, a well-built slate roof should not need to be replaced for 100 years or more. Therefore, as high as the installation costs of a slate roof, it is quite reasonable when the cost pays for itself over many decades,. Here are 12 roofing materials to consider when it comes time to replace your roof.
Roll roofing material is the mainstay of low-slope residential roofs, as well as outbuildings, such as shops and sheds and other utilitarian structures. Roll roofs consist of long rolls of mineral impregnated and asphalt impregnated material covered with mineral granules. Each roll is approximately 100 square feet of roof and approximately 3 feet wide. These large format thin roofing strips offer a quick, convenient and economical way to cover a pitched roof building, such as a workshop, where appearance is not important.
The roll roof can be applied with the torch method or with roofing nails. Recessed ceiling (BUR) is one of the oldest material options for flat roofs or roofs that have a very low slope. BUR systems are constructed with several layers of asphalt impregnated roofing felt that is hot applied. The felt is applied in overlays to form a barrier two to four layers thick, then a layer of finely crushed stone is embedded in hot tar over the top to create a very durable and impenetrable roof.
Asphalt composite shingles are the most popular roofing material in North America. Made from a fiberglass base covered with asphalt and mineral granules, these three-tab shingles are a good choice for most home roofing needs. They usually come with a 20- to 30-year warranty, and replacing individual shingles that are damaged is a pretty easy job. Practically every roofing company is familiar with the installation of these.
Composite shingles excel at flexing and adapting to roof movements due to expansion and contraction. Asphalt shingles will last between 15 and 30 years. They are by far the most popular roofing material due to their cost-effectiveness. This roofing material should last between 30 and 50 years.
Wood shingles are usually made of fire-resistant woods, such as cedar or redwood. When it comes to energy efficiency, wood is a natural insulator, wood shingles are naturally about twice as efficient as asphalt shingles. And because they're 100% natural, asphalt shingles are one of the most sustainable roofing materials on the market. Metal roofing materials will last between 30 and 50 years.
Made of steel, copper, zinc alloy, or aluminum, metal roofs are slightly more expensive than their asphalt and wood counterparts. That said, they are significantly more durable. Not only are most metal roofs created from recycled materials, but many are also 100% recyclable. A slate roof can last 75 to 150 years.
One of the oldest roofing materials, slate is also one of the most expensive. Slate is one of the most expensive materials because it will last the better part of a century, and if the roof is well built, more than 150 years. Because of this, slate is an incredibly sustainable roofing material. Roofing waste (specifically asphalt shingle waste) accounts for 3% of all waste in landfills.
This is because homeowners have to replace most roofing materials every 30 to 50 years. A roof that could last three times longer than its competition is much better for the environment. Because slate tends to split into thin sheets, it is easy to quarry, making it ideal for roofing. Metal roofs of all types are becoming increasingly popular in regions with heavy snowfall or where there is a notable danger of forest fires, as it is a fully fireproof roofing material.
Metal roofs are slowly returning to fashion, and the standing seam (edge-up) steel roof is one of the most popular. More homeowners would go solar if large photovoltaic panels weren't so annoying and would often need to drill holes in the roof as well. Homeowners in need of a roof replacement have several roofing materials available today, with varying lifespan. Slate, concrete and clay shingles according to the National Association of Home Builders are the most durable roofing materials, with a life expectancy of 100 years or more.
The 5 types of roofing materials offer something different to give your roof the exact look you want. Your great-grandfather's house or barn may have been roofed with metal, and some of those 100-year-old roofs are still strong. While you can get it as a complete roof system, homeowners also add a standing seam metal roof accent to their asphalt roof replacement for a covered porch, dormer windows, flat roof facets, and more. You can also consider using a breathable underlayer, such as GAF Deck Armor, over the new roof covering to ensure that no moisture is trapped between the plywood and the moisture barrier under the shingles.
But if budget isn't a major deciding factor, you have more flexibility to choose metal or one of the premium roof systems. Moss is generally considered a bad sign when found on the roof, but when properly planned, moss and other living plant materials provide an effective roofing material that gives back to the earth. Composite (also known as synthetic) roof shingles are made from recycled materials, such as rubber and plastic. .